Amna Khalid and Jeff Snyder focused their research on the legislative threats to academic freedom in Florida, with an emphasis on the Stop WOKE Act’s chilling effects on classroom instruction. They conducted interviews with more than a dozen faculty members, most of whom teach at Florida’s public universities and produced two podcast episodes, several essays for public outlets and a peer-reviewed journal article. Khalid and Snyder also submitted an amicus brief supporting the plaintiffs who are challenging the Stop WOKE Act, arguing that the law compels professors to commit educational malpractice by preventing them from teaching essential content.

About the Fellows

Amna Khalid & Jeff Snyder

Watch this video to learn more about Amna & Jeff's project
Associate Professor, Department of History, Carleton College; Associate Professor, Department of Educational Studies, Carleton College



Peer-Reviewed Scholarship:

Amna Khalid and Jeffrey Aaron Snyder, “The War Against ‘Woke Indoctrination’: How Anti-Critical Race Theory Bills Threaten Academic Freedom in the United States,” forthcoming in Revista Internacional de Derecho y Ciencias Sociales.


Amna Khalid and Jeffrey Aaron Snyder, “Why We Wrote an Amicus Brief to Contest the Stop WOKE Act,” Washington Monthly, July 12, 2023.

Amna Khalid and Jeffrey Aaron Snyder, “Conservative Attacks on Higher Ed Are Attacks on Democracy,” Chronicle Review, April 13, 2023. 

Amna Khalid and Jeffrey Aaron Snyder, “Dark Times for Academic Freedom in the Sunshine State,” Persuasion, February 10, 2023. 

Jeffrey Aaron Snyder, “Is Academic Freedom a Human Right?”, Chronicle Review, January 11, 2023. 


“Amna Khalid and Jeff Snyder on Fighting Illiberalism, Right and Left,” The Good Fight, June 17, 2023. 

“The Sunshine State Descends into Darkness (Again),” Banished, January 23, 2023.

”Will Florida’s “Stop WOKE Act” Hold Up in Court”?, Banished, November 1, 2022. 

In the Media:

Thomas B. Edsall, “The Death Knell for Higher Education in Florida,” New York Times, March 8, 2023. 

Related Resources

Fellows in the Field: Interactive Webinar Series

#SpeechMatters Conferences

Courting Controversy: Upcoming Cases on Campus Speech